Lockheed A-12

Reconnaissance Aircraft

Lockheed A-12 USAF 60-6924 Blackbird Airpark Palmdale © Karsten Palt
Photo ©: Karsten Palt
The Lockheed A-12 Oxcart is a twin-engined single-seat long-range supersonic strategic reconnaissance aircraft produced by the American manufacturer Lockheed Corporation in operation from 1963 until 1968 by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The A-12 was designed by the Lockheed Advanced Development Projects Devision better known as Lockheed Skunk Works for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). It is the predecessor of the better known SR-71 Blackbird. The total production numbers include one A-12 two-seat trainer aircraft (60-692 called Titanium Goose) and two Lockheed M-21 carrier aircraft to launch the Lockheed D-21 Mach 3+ reconnaissance drone.
Crew1
Propulsion2 Turbojet Engines
Engine ModelPratt & Whitney J58-1
Engine Power (each)
dry/with Afterburner
106,8 / 151,2 kN24000 / 34000 lbf
Speed3556 km/h1920 kts
  2209 mph
Mmo (max. Mach)Mach 3.35
Service Ceiling28.956 m95.000 ft
Rate of climb3597 m/min11800 ft/min
Range4.074 km2.200 NM
2.532 mi.
Empty Weight24.766 kg54.600 lbs
max. Takeoff Weight56.518 kg124.600 lbs
Wing Span16,95 m55 ft 7 in
Wing Area170,0 m1830 ft
Length30,97 m101 ft 7 in
Height5,62 m18 ft 5 in
First Flight30.04.1962
Production Statusout of production
Production Range1962-1964
Total Production15
Data for (Version)Lockheed A-12

[Photo-ID: 11231] Karsten Palt 2015-05-31
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, United States Air Force (USAF), 60-6927, c/n 124, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6927
c/n: 124
 
two-seat variant
California Science Center [Los Angeles, CA]
[Photo-ID: 11232] Karsten Palt 2015-05-31
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, United States Air Force (USAF), 60-6927, c/n 124, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6927
c/n: 124
 
two-seat variant
California Science Center [Los Angeles, CA]
[Photo-ID: 11233] Karsten Palt 2015-05-31
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, United States Air Force (USAF), 60-6927, c/n 124, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6927
c/n: 124
 
two-seat variant
California Science Center [Los Angeles, CA]
[Photo-ID: 5807] Karsten Palt 2012-06-10
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, US Air Force (USAF), 60-6924, c/n 121, Karsten Palt, 2012Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
US Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6924
c/n: 121
 
First A-12 prototype
Blackbird Airpark [Palmdale, CA]
[Photo-ID: 5808] Karsten Palt 2012-06-10
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, US Air Force (USAF), 60-6924, c/n 121, Karsten Palt, 2012Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
US Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6924
c/n: 121
 
First A-12 prototype
Blackbird Airpark [Palmdale, CA]
[Photo-ID: 7871] Karsten Palt 2014-03-09
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, US Air Force (USAF), 60-6925, c/n 122, Karsten Palt, 2014Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
US Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6925
c/n: 122
 
Intrepid Air, Space & Sea Museum [New York City, NY]
[Photo-ID: 6145] Karsten Palt 2012-06-14
Lockheed A-12 Oxcart, US Air Force (USAF), 60-6933, c/n 130, Karsten Palt, 2012Lockheed
A-12 Oxcart
US Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6933
c/n: 130
 
San Diego Air and Space Museum [San Diego, CA]
[Photo-ID: 12443] Karsten Palt 2016-04-12
Lockheed M-12, United States Air Force (USAF), 60-6940, c/n 134, Karsten Palt, 2016Lockheed
M-12
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6940
c/n: 134
 
launch platform for the D-21 Drone, one of two converted A-12, last remaining
Museum of Flight [Seattle, WA]
[Photo-ID: 12444] Karsten Palt 2016-04-12
Lockheed M-12, United States Air Force (USAF), 60-6940, c/n 134, Karsten Palt, 2016Lockheed
M-12
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 60-6940
c/n: 134
 
launch platform for the D-21 Drone, one of two converted A-12, last remaining
Museum of Flight [Seattle, WA]