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Lockheed A-12

Lockheed A-12 USAF 60-6924 Blackbird Airpark Palmdale © Karsten Palt
Photo ©: Karsten Palt


Reconnaissance Aircraft

The Lockheed A-12 Oxcart is a twin-engined single-seat long-range supersonic strategic reconnaissance aircraft produced by the American manufacturer Lockheed Corporation in operation from 1963 until 1968 by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Propulsion2 Turbojet Engines
Engine ModelPratt & Whitney J58-1
Engine Power (each)
dry/with Afterburner
106,8 / 151,2 kN24000 / 34000 lbf
Speed3556 km/h1920 kts
  2209 mph
Mmo (max. Mach)Mach 3.35
Service Ceiling28.956 m95.000 ft
Rate of climb3597 m/min11800 ft/min
Range4.074 km2.200 NM
2.532 mi.
Empty Weight24.766 kg54.600 lbs
max. Takeoff Weight56.518 kg124.600 lbs
Wing Span16,95 m55,6 ft
Wing Area170,0 m1830 ft
Length30,97 m101,6 ft
Height5,62 m18,4 ft
First Flight30.04.1962
Production Statusout of production
Production Range1962-1964
Total Production15
Data for (Version)Lockheed A-12
The A-12 was designed by the Lockheed Advanced Development Projects Devision better known as Lockheed Skunk Works for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). It is the predecessor of the better known SR-71 Blackbird. The total production numbers include one A-12 two-seat trainer aircraft (60-692 called Titanium Goose) and two Lockheed M-21 carrier aircraft to launch the Lockheed D-21 Mach 3+ reconnaissance drone.

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