SOKO / CNIAR J-22 Orao / IAR-93

Fighter Bomber

Soko J-22 Orao © Roel Reijne
Photo ©: Roel Reijne (
The SOKO J-22 Orao resp. the IAR-93 is a twin-engine single-seat fighter bomber jet aircraft produced by the Yugoslav manufacturer SOKO together with the Romanian IAR (CNIAR), Industria Aeronautica Romana (also known as Avione Craiova S.A.).
The SOKO J-22 Orao was operated by the Yugoslav Air Force only. The Romanian Air Force was the sole operator of the CNIAR IAR-93. Twin-Seat variants of J-22 and IAR-93 were available. The more advanced variants J-22(M) Orao 2 and the IAR-93B are equipped with afterburner engines. As of today (2014) it seems that the Air Force of Serbia has still some J-22 Orao in operation.
Propulsion2 Turbojet Engines
Engine ModelTurbomecanica (Rolls-Royce) Viper Mk 633-47
Engine Power (each)
dry/with Afterburner
17,8 / 22,2 kN4000 / 5000 lbf
Speed1159 km/h626 kts
  720 mph
Service Ceiling12.500 m41.010 ft
Range1.000 km540 NM
621 mi.
Empty Weight5.750 kg12.677 lbs
max. Takeoff Weight10.900 kg24.030 lbs
Wing Span9,62 m31 ft 7 in
Wing Area26,0 m280 ft
Length14,90 m48 ft 11 in
Height4,52 m14 ft 10 in
First Flight31.10.1974
Production Statusout of production
Total Productionca. 300
Data for (Version)CNIAR IAR-93B
VariantsIJ-22 Orao, J-22A Orao, J-22(M), J-22B Orao 2, NJ-22 Orao, IAR-93A, IAR-93MB, IAR-93B