Lockheed L-049 Constellation (L-649/L-749/C-69)

Airliner

Lockheed L-049 Constellation TWA - Trans World Airlines N90831, 517 © Karsten Palt
Photo ©: Karsten Palt
The Lockheed Constellation is a four-engine long-range airliner with pressurized cabin for up to 81 passengers produced by the US-American manufacturer Lockheed Corporation. The military transport variant of the US Army Air Force operated during WWII was the C-69. The military transport variant of the L-749 operated by the US Air Force was designated C-121A.
The first variant of which 15 aircraft had been built was the military transport aircraft Lockheed C-69 with a capacity of 43 fully equipped troops.
The L-049 (73 built aircraft) was the first commercial variant, powered by four Wright Cyclone 745C-18BA-3 with 2200 hp / 1641 kW and a MTOW of 86250 lbs / 39122 kg.
The L-649 (14 built aircraft) was the first variant to be powered by the Wright Cyclone 749C-18BD-1, it has a MTOW of 94000 lbs / 42638 kg.
The L-749 has a MTOW of 102000 lbs / 46266 kg, the improved L-749A 107000 lbs / 48534 kg.
Crew5
Passengers51-81
Propulsion4 Radial Engines
Engine ModelWright R-3350 749C-18BD-1 Duplex Cyclone
Engine Power (each)1864 kW2500 hp
alternative Engine Variant
Engine ModelWright R-3350 745C-18BA-3 Duplex Cyclone
Engine Power (each)1641 kW2200 hp
max. Cruise Speed437 km/h236 kts
  272 mph
max. Speed (vne)522 km/h282 kts
  325 mph
Service Ceiling7.346 m24.100 ft
Rate of climb390 m/min1280 ft/min
Range6.401 km3.456 NM
3.977 mi.
Empty Weight25.669 kg56.590 lbs
max. Takeoff Weight48.534 kg107.000 lbs
Wing Span37,49 m122 ft 12 in
Wing Area153,3 m1650 ft
Length29,00 m95 ft 2 in
Height7,10 m23 ft 4 in
First Flight09.01.1943
Production Statusout of production
Production Range1944-1951
Total Production252
ICAO CodeCONI
FAA TCDSA-763
Data for (Version)Lockheed L-749A Constellation
VariantsL-049, L-149, L-649, L-649A, L-749, L-749A, C-69, C-121A, C-121B

[Photo-ID: 11080] Karsten Palt 2015-06-03
Lockheed C-121A Constellation (L-749), United States Air Force (USAF), 48-0614, c/n 2606, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
C-121A Constellation (L-749)
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 48-0614
c/n: 2606
 
Pima Air and Space Museum [Tucson, AZ]
[Photo-ID: 11081] Karsten Palt 2015-06-03
Lockheed C-121A Constellation (L-749), United States Air Force (USAF), 48-0614, c/n 2606, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
C-121A Constellation (L-749)
United States Air Force (USAF)
Reg.: 48-0614
c/n: 2606
 
Pima Air and Space Museum [Tucson, AZ]
[Photo-ID: 11091] Karsten Palt 2015-06-03
Lockheed L-049 Constellation, TWA - Trans World Airlines, N90831, c/n 1970, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
L-049 Constellation
TWA - Trans World Airlines
Reg.: N90831
c/n: 1970
 
Star of Switzerland, ex USAAF C-69 42-94549, oldest surviving Connie
Pima Air and Space Museum [Tucson, AZ]
[Photo-ID: 11092] Karsten Palt 2015-06-03
Lockheed L-049 Constellation, TWA - Trans World Airlines, N90831, c/n 1970, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
L-049 Constellation
TWA - Trans World Airlines
Reg.: N90831
c/n: 1970
 
Star of Switzerland, ex USAAF C-69 42-94549, oldest surviving Connie
Pima Air and Space Museum [Tucson, AZ]
[Photo-ID: 11093] Karsten Palt 2015-06-03
Lockheed L-049 Constellation, TWA - Trans World Airlines, N90831, c/n 1970, Karsten Palt, 2015Lockheed
L-049 Constellation
TWA - Trans World Airlines
Reg.: N90831
c/n: 1970
 
Star of Switzerland, ex USAAF C-69 42-94549, oldest surviving Connie
Pima Air and Space Museum [Tucson, AZ]
[Photo-ID: 970] Karsten Palt 2008-06-21
Lockheed L-749A Constellation, KLM - Royal Dutch Airlines, N749NL, c/n 749-2604, Karsten Palt, 2008Lockheed
L-749A Constellation
KLM - Royal Dutch Airlines
Reg.: N749NL
c/n: 749-2604
 
ex 48-0612, ex C-GXKR
Nationaal Luchtvaart-Themapark Aviodrome [Lelystad (EHLE / LEY)]
[Photo-ID: 971] Karsten Palt 2008-06-21
Lockheed L-749A Constellation, KLM - Royal Dutch Airlines, N749NL, c/n 749-2604, Karsten Palt, 2008Lockheed
L-749A Constellation
KLM - Royal Dutch Airlines
Reg.: N749NL
c/n: 749-2604
 
ex 48-0612, ex C-GXKR
Nationaal Luchtvaart-Themapark Aviodrome [Lelystad (EHLE / LEY)]